Nalanda, 62 km from Bodhgaya and 90 km from Patna, was established in the 5th century AD. It is famous as the ancient university and a rich library. Buddha had visited Nalanda several times during his lifetime. But the place became famous as the center of Buddhist learning during 5th to 12th centuries AD. Hieun Tsang had came at Nalanda in the 7th century AD and stayed for 12 years and left detailed account about the university. He had mentioned about the perfect education system and chastity practiced in monastic life at Nalanda. Nalanda is the first residential international university of the world with strength of 2,000 teachers and 10,000 monks' students from all over the Buddhist world.
On Nalanda Tours, you can visit the following places:
Nalanda University Ruins Archaeological Complex
The total area of the excavation of Nalanda University Ruins is about 14 hectares. All the buildings are of the red brick built in Kushana style of architecture and divided by a central walkway that goes south to north. The monasteries or viharas are to the east and the temple or chaityas to the west of the central alley. The Gupta kings especially Emperor Ashoka and Harshavardhana were some of the most celebrated patrons of Nalanda. An International Center for Buddhist Studies was established here in 1951.
Nalanda Archaeological Museum
Nalanda Archaeological Museum is opposite to the entrance of the ruins of the university. The museum is small yet has a valuable collection of Buddhist and Hindu bronzes and a number of intact statues of the Lord Buddha found in the area. Two large terracotta jars belonging to the 1st century AD are intact and exhibited in a shaded enclosure behind the museum. The other items in the museum include the copper plates, stone inscriptions, coins, pottery and samples of burnt rice of 12th century AD.
Nava Nalanda Mahavihara
Nava Nalanda Mahavihara is an institute devoted to the study and research of Pali Literature and Buddhism. It is a new institute, where students from foreign countries also come to study.
Other places of significance on Nalanda Tours are Hieun Tsang Memorial Hall, Silao and Surajpur Baragaon.
How to Reach
The nearest airport to Nalanda is at Patna 89 km away. Nalanda can be reached via Rajgir, which is well connected by rail and road network. Rajgir is 12 km from Nalanda.
Buddhist Tours India offers Buddhist tour booking and Buddhist tour packages for India. To book a tour or for more information, please fill up the form below.