Nagarjunakonda is located on the River Krishna, 65 km from Vijayawada in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Nagarjunakonda was one of the greatest center of Buddhist learning. The stupas here have dainty sculptures depicting scenes from the Buddha's life. The main stupa is called the Mahachaitya and contains the sacred relies of the Buddha, namely, a small tooth and an earring.
Nagarjunakonda was discovered in 1926. The great Buddhist scholar, Nagarjuna, founded the University here. On the tour of this ancient city, you will come across the remains of stupas, viharas, chaityas and mandapas along with white marble carvings and sculptures depicting the life of the Buddha.
The Great Stupa or the Mahachaitya at Nagarjunakonda is uncased stupas with plastered brickwork over it. The stupa is decorated by a large garland-ornament. The Ikshvaku princess, Chamtisiri, renovated the original stupa in the 3rd century AD and erected ayaka-pillars of stone. The outer railing was made of wood and its uprights erected over a brick plinth. The stupa is 32.3 m in diameter with height of 18 m and 4 m wide circumambulatory path. The stupa appears in plan as a cartwheel with its hub, spokes and felly. Many of the other stupas at Nagarjunakonda also had the same plan of construction. Nagarjunakonda is recommended for the people on tour of Buddhist Sites in India.
How to Reach
Nagarjunakonda can be reached via Vijayawada. The nearest airport to Nagarjunakonda is at Vijayawada at a distance of 65 km. The nearest railway station is at Guntur 36 km away from Nagajunakonda. There are frequent bus and taxi services from Guntur and Vijaywada for Nagarjunakonda.
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