Mongolia, a traditionally Buddhist country is teemed with some worlds best monasteries and temples to capture global Buddhist Pilgrimage attraction. As a part of Tibetan Buddhism, Mongolian Buddhism can be described in different ways. Declared as a national religion in the 13th century, Buddhism occupies a dominant role in Mongolia from 1600s. For practicing the Mongolian Buddhism, there are enough distinct features.
But from 1924 to 1989, during communist period, Buddhism was suppressed in violent purges in which several Buddhist monks lost their lives and almost all Buddhist monasteries were turned into ruins. Out of these abundant of buildings several were kept as museums. In 1989, just one Buddhist monastery was working in Ulaanbaatar. Today, Buddhism is emerging as a major force in Mongolia once again. ARC along with Buddhist group is significantly working to restore the beautiful natural environment of Mongolia as per their age-old Buddhist principles.
Five pure lands of Mongolian Buddhism
In Mongolian Buddhism there are five pure lands or paradises:
- sain amgalant oron (mon), divaajin (tib), sukhavati (san) = supreme heaven, paradise (The white lotus sutra is about this land)
- shambala (san)
- urgenkhando (tib)
- utaishan kumbum