Five Dhyani Buddhas, Symbolism of the Five Dhyani Buddhas, Five Dhyani Buddhas Symbolism, Five Dhyani Buddhas

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Symbolism of the Five Dhyani Buddhas

The five Dhyani Buddhas find a mention in most of the Tantric systems and are said to represent various physical and mental aspects. Some of the most common explanations of these five Dhyani Buddhas have been listed below.

However, it must be noted that with the existence of different deities, the meanings of the tantras may differ accordingly.

Deity

Delusion

Enlightened Mind

Vairochana

ignorance, delusion

All-encompassing Dharmadatu Wisdom

Akshobhya

anger, hatred

Mirror-like Wisdom

Ratnasambhava

pride, miserliness

Wisdom of Equality

Amitabha

desire, lust

Discriminating Wisdom

Amogasiddhi

jealousy, fear

All-accomplishing Wisdom


Deity

Element

Sense

Medical/physical

Organ

Vairochana

space

sight

energy channels

heart

Akshobhya

water

sound

blood flow

kidneys

Ratnasambhava

earth

smell

flesh

spleen

Amitabha

fire

taste

body heat

liver

Amogasiddhi

air

touch

inner winds

lungs

Deity (Sanskrit)

English name

Consort

Bodhisattva

Wheel-turning
Buddhas

Vairochana

Illuminating

White Tara
(Vajradhatvisvari)

Samantabhadra

Krakucchanda

Akshobhya

Unshakable

Locana

Vajrapani

Kanakamuni

Ratnasambhava

Jewel-born

Mamaki

Ratnapani

Kashyapa

Amitabha

Infinite Light

Pandara

Avalokiteshvara

Shakyamuni

Amogasiddhi

Conqueror

Green Tara

Vishvapani

Maitreya


Deity

Color

Direction

Gesture (mudra)

 

Vairochana

white

Center

Dharmachakra
Turning the
Dharma-wheel
(teaching)

Vairochana

Akshobhya

blue

East

Bhumisparsa
Earth-touching

Akshobhya

Ratnasambhava

yellow

South

Varada
Bestowing, giving

Ratnasambhava

Amitabha

red

West

Dhyana
Meditation

Amitabha

Amogasiddhi

green

North

Abhaya
Fearlessness

Amoghasiddhi


Deity

Family symbol
and family

Syllable

Vehicle

Aggregate

Vairochana

Wheel
Dharma-wheel
Tathagata

OM

dragon

form
(Skt. rupa)

Akshobhya

Vajra
Vajra
vajra

HUM

elephant

consciousness
(Skt. vijnana)

Ratnasambhava

Jewel
Jewel
ratna

TRAM

horse or lion

sensation
(Skt. vendana)

Amitabha

Lotus
Lotus
padma

HRIH

peacock

perception
(Skt. sanjna)

Amogasiddhi

Double
vajra
Amogasiddhi
karma

AH

Garuda

impulses
(Skt. Samskara)


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